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5 Basic Jiu-Jitsu Moves Every Beginner Should Master

If you're just starting your journey in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ), you might be feeling overwhelmed by the sheer number of techniques available. With a thousand variations of sweeps, locks, chokes, and escapes, it's easy to get lost in the sea of options. In this article, we will guide you through the five basic Jiu-Jitsu moves that every beginner should focus on mastering. These techniques are not only effective but also lay a solid foundation for your BJJ journey.

Guard Replacement with Hip Escape

One of the fundamental skills in BJJ is escaping from unfavorable positions, and the guard replacement with a hip escape is your go-to technique for escaping side control. It teaches you essential hip movements like bridging and hip escapes, which are crucial for escaping from the bottom. Guard replacement should be your top priority when your opponent has passed your guard, and mastering this technique will also improve your guard retention skills. Avoid trying to bench press your opponent off you; instead, focus on creating "frames" with your arms.

Scissor Sweep

The scissor sweep is an excellent starting point for learning various guard sweeps. It helps you understand the principles of breaking your opponent's balance, creating angles, controlling grips, and using the power of your legs. Additionally, the scissor sweep combines well with other guard techniques, making it a versatile tool in your arsenal. Many beginners forget to off-balance their opponent with a sharp pull before attempting to scissor the legs.

Triangle Choke from Guard

The triangle choke is a signature submission in BJJ that works from the white belt to the highest levels of competition. Learning the triangle choke teaches you how to use your legs effectively to attack and choke your opponent. It is a primary threat from the bottom position when facing larger or stronger opponents, making it a valuable technique to master. Avoid attempting the triangle when your opponent has a strong posture, as posture is an effective defense against it.

Cross Collar Choke from Guard

The cross-collar grip is the foundation for your closed guard strategy and sets the stage for various guard attacks. It teaches you how to control your opponent's head and break their posture down. Helio Gracie favored this technique, famously choking an opponent unconscious with it. It's a crucial skill that every BJJ practitioner should possess. Make sure to get your first hand deep enough into the collar, reaching for the tag at the back of your opponent's neck.

"Upa" / Bridge and Roll Escape Vs. Mount

The bridge and roll escape is essential for getting out of the mount position, and powerful hip bridges are the key to nearly all ground escapes. Learning to use your hips and explosive bridging is critical to avoid getting stuck in the mount. It's vital to break the habit of pushing with your arms, as it can lead to easy armbar opportunities for your opponent. Ensure you trap your opponent's arm when bridging, as failing to do so can allow them to defend and maintain their top position.

Mastering these five basic Jiu-Jitsu moves will provide you with a strong foundation to build upon in your BJJ journey. Remember that focusing on the fundamentals and drilling them with a dedication to correct body mechanics will lead to faster progress and better overall skills.

As you progress in your BJJ journey, it's crucial to remember that the basics are the building blocks of your game. While advanced techniques may be tempting, a strong foundation in the fundamental moves will serve you better in the long run. So, keep drilling these basic Jiu-Jitsu moves and refine your skills.

To begin your journey into mastering these basic Jiu-Jitsu moves, contact Electric City BJJ today and embark on a path to becoming a skilled BJJ practitioner.


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